Achieving a cleaner environment via the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis

determinants of electricity access and pollution in India

Samuel Asumadu-Sarkodie*, Prabhakar Yadav

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    4 Citations (Scopus)


    According to the IPCC report, energy remains the major contributor to global anthropogenic greenhouse emissions, due to its role in economic development. Hence, developing a conceptual tool that examines the determinants of environmental pollution for India is valuable given its population, current, and forecast energy demands. Using a national-level time series data from 1990 to 2017, Prais–Winsten and Cochrane–Orcutt regression models were used to examine the nexus between pollution and economic development in the transition from dirty to clean energy. The study confirmed the existence of a U-shaped relationship at a turning point of US$ 1802. Thus, India’s industrialised economy is energy and carbon-intensive which promotes environmental pollution. At the household level, the use of multiple fuels, especially dirty fuels, are likely to remain a key part of the sociocultural energy tradition among rural communities that will impact low carbon and cleaner energy transition. We argue that decoupling energy from economic growth can encourage clean energy transition.

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    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1883-1889
    Number of pages7
    JournalClean Technologies and Environmental Policy
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019


    • EKC hypothesis
    • India
    • Electricity access
    • Environmental pollution

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