Acquisition of nominal morphophonological alternations in Russian

Ekaterina Tomas*, Ruben Van De Vijver, Katherine Demuth, Peter Petocz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Morphophonological alternations can make target-like production of grammatical morphemes challenging due to changes in form depending on the phonological environment. This article explores the acquisition of morphophonological alternations involving the interacting patterns of vowel deletion and stress shift in Russian-speaking children (aged 4;0-7;11) using a 'wug' test with real and nonce words. Depending on the phonological context, participants were expected to either delete vowels (e.g. ko'mokNom,sg - kom'kaGen,sg) or preserve them (e.g. pji'lotNom,sg - pji'lotaGen,sg). The results showed that children's sensitivity to morphophonological patterns increases with age: 4-year-olds tended to preserve underlying vowels and stress across conditions, whereas older children demonstrated growing accuracy, at least with real words. Stressed vowels were more appropriately alternated and preserved across conditions, suggesting suprasegmental effects on the acquisition of segmental alternation patterns in Russian.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)453-474
Number of pages22
JournalFirst Language
Volume37
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

Keywords

  • L1 acquisition
  • morphophonology
  • nomimal declension
  • Russian
  • segmental alternations
  • stress patterns

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