Activity budgets of captive cape fur seals (Arctocephalus pusillus) under a training regime

Kaja Wierucka*, Sonia Siemianowska, Marta Woźniak, Katarzyna Jasnosz, Magdalena Kieliszczyk, Paulina Kozak, Agnieszka Sergiel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Ethograms and time budgets are crucial for the behavioral assessment of nonhuman animals in zoos, and they serve as references for welfare research. This study was conducted to obtain detailed time budgets of trained Cape fur seals (Arctocephalus pusillus) in captivity, to evaluate variations of these patterns, and to determine whether abnormal behaviors had been displayed. Behavioral data for 3 Cape fur seals in the Wroclaw Zoo were collected, and more than 300 observation hours (during a 12-month period) per individual were analyzed. The studied animals exhibited a diversified repertoire of natural behaviors with apparent seasonal and daily patterns, and they did not present stereotypic behaviors. Significant differences of interaction rates between individuals suggest more frequent affiliative interactions among related animals. The absence of stereotypic behaviors, good health of individuals, and the presence of diversified natural behaviors indicated relatively good welfare of Cape fur seals kept in the Wroclaw Zoo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-72
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Applied Animal Welfare Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • activity budget
  • ethogram
  • husbandry training
  • Otariidae
  • welfare


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