Acute repair of injury to the anterior cruciate ligament. A long-term followup

M. J. Cross, J. R. Wootton*, D. J. Bokor, S. J. Sorrenti

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We reviewed 30 patients at an average of 7.4 years after acute repair of the anterior cruciate ligament augmented with a loop of iliotibial tract. A noncontact twisting had been the mechanism of injury in 18 of these patients, with 28 having been injured in sports. At followup, 25 patients had not experienced symptoms of instability and 23 were able to return to unrestricted athletic activity; only 5 had been unable or unwilling to return to sporting activity at all. There had been no swelling in 23 patients; however, 17 suffered from pain on exertion. The average Lysholm score was 93.2. Joint laxity was assessed and anteroposterior tibial translation quantified with a KT-1000 arthrometer. Eighteen patients had a normal or 1+ Lachman test and 27 had an absent or 1+ pivot shift. When compared with the results of a similar study performed on this group of patients at 2 years after surgery, there had been little subjective change in knee function. However, objectively there had been significant deterioration of the anteroposterior stability of the knees at 7 years, suggesting failure of the integrity of the repaired ligament with time. An associated medial collateral ligament injury had a significant adverse effect both on the integrity of the anterior cruciate ligament repair and the incidence of postoperative stiffness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-131
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume21
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

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