Adaptive fuzzy multivariable controller design based on genetic algorithm for an air handling unit

Muhammad Waqas Khan, Mohammad Ahmad Choudhry*, Muhammad Zeeshan, Ahsan Ali

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


In HVAC (Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning systems, effective thermal management is required because energy and operation costs of buildings are directly influenced by how well an air-conditioning system performs. HVAC systems are typically nonlinear time varying with disturbances, where conventional PID controllers may trade-off between stability and rise time. To overcome this limitation, a Genetic Algorithm based AFLC (Adaptive Fuzzy Logic Controller design has been proposed for the multivariable control of temperature and humidity of a typical AHU (air handling unit by manipulating valve positions to adjust the water and steam flow rates. Modulating equal percentage Globe valves for chilled water and steam have been modeled according to exact flow rates of water and steam. A novel method for the adaptation of FLC (Fuzzy Logic Controller by modifying FRM (Fuzzy Rule Matrix based on GA (genetic algorithm) has been proposed. This requires re-designing the complete FLC in MATLAB/Simulink whose procedure has also been proposed. The proposed adaptive controller outperforms the existing fuzzy controller in terms of steady state error, rise time and settling time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)477-488
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Air handling unit
  • Fuzzy logic controller
  • Genetic algorithm
  • HVAC


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