Addition of nitric oxide via nitroflurbiprofen enhances the material properties of early healing of young rat Achilles tendons

J. Yuan, G. A C Murrell*, A. Q. Wei, R. C. Appleyard, P. Del Soldato, M. X. Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective and design: To determine if the addition of nitric oxide (NO) via nitroflurbiprofen (NO-flurbiprofen) would enhance rat Achilles tendon healing. Materials and methods: Sixty-five male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into NO-flurbiprofen, flurbiprofen and vehicle groups, given drugs or vehicle subcutaneously, and their right Achilles tendon divided. Histological assessment was carried out at day 5, 10, and 15 post-operation. Healing tendon biomechanical properties and hydroxyproline content were measured at day 10. Results: The healing Achilles tendon from the NO-flurbiprofen and flurbiprofen groups showed a better organization of extracellular collagenous matrix than that from the vehicle group. Flurbiprofen and NO-flurbiprofen decreased healing tendon cross-sectional area by 30% and 20%. This reduction was accompanied by a decreased failure load in the flurbiprofen group, but not the NO-flurbiprofen group. NO-flubiprofen prevented the reduction of body weight gain observed in the flubiprofen group. Conclusion: Both flurbiprofen and NO-flurbiprofen promoted better collagen reorganization during tendon healing. NO-flurbiprofen further improved tendon healing by increasing tendon stress and reducing the side effects (body weight loss) of flurbiprofen. The enhanced tendon healing by NO-flurbiprofen is likely due to the release of NO from the compound.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-237
Number of pages8
JournalInflammation Research
Volume52
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Nitric oxide (NO)
  • Nitroflurbiprofen (NO-flurbiprofen)
  • Tendon healing, non-steroid anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)

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