ADHD, comorbidity, synaptic gates and re-entrant circuits

Florence Levy*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The "dynamic developmental" theory of attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has come full circle from Wender's (1971) reinforcement hypothesis. By specifying the principle of time constraints on reinforcement and extinction, the present theory allows for empirical validation. However, the theory implies, but does not discuss, implications for the neurophysiology of comorbidity in ADHD. The authors's; attribution of comorbid oppositional behavior to parental and societal reinforcement leaves out biological factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)434-435
Number of pages2
JournalBehavioral and Brain Sciences
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2005
Externally publishedYes


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