Australia has often been called a nation of immigrants and like many countries in the world has experienced major intakes of settlers at various periods of its history. However, among immigrant-receiving nations, Australia is unique in providing newly arrived immigrants and refugees with settlement and second-language programs that have been nationally funded for over 50 years. At the broader level, adult English as a Second Language (ESL) programs have been influenced by Australian Government policies in immigration, language, competitive tendering and labour-market development. At the program level, development has been driven by the institutionalisation of outcomes- based curricula and the application of sociolinguistic theories to language analysis, classroom delivery and resource development. This article provides an overview of major changes that have occurred to Australian adult ESL programs over the past two decades and what the future may hold.
|Number of pages||13|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|