Advances in drug delivery: is triple therapy the future for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?

Rania O. Salama, Paul M. Young, Philippe Rogueda, Arthur Lallement, Ilian Iliev, Daniela Traini*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    19 Citations (Scopus)


    Introduction: Current therapies for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) focus on the improvement of clinical symptoms via the use of bronchodilators: β2-adrenoreceptor agonists and muscarinic (M3) acetycholine receptor antagonists. The combination of inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) and long-acting β2 agonists (LABAs), or LABAs and anticholinergics has become an efficient alternative to single therapies. These combinations consist of a LABA and an ICS together with an anticholinergic, such as ipratropium or tiotropium.

    Areas covered: This review summarizes the latest thinking and findings on the usefulness of triple therapy in the treatment and management of COPD. Drawing on commercial, clinical, scientific and intellectual property data and publications, it aims to provide an overview to understand the efficacy and need for COPD triple therapy. The reader will gain an in-depth view of the triple therapy approach in managing COPD, existing molecules in the market or in development as well as new chemical entities. Clinical evidence in support of triple therapy, formulations and products are also discussed.

    Expert opinion: There is limited documented clinical evidence for the use of triple therapy in COPD, reflected in the lack of commercial activity in the field. The future for the management of COPD may lie with triple therapy, but may equally rest on a better understanding of the disease and subsequent development of new chemical entities, such as dimer molecules, longer-acting β-agonists and antimuscarinics.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1913-1932
    Number of pages20
    JournalExpert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
    Issue number12
    Publication statusPublished - 2011


    • anticholinergics
    • COPD
    • ICS
    • LABA
    • triple therapy


    Dive into the research topics of 'Advances in drug delivery: is triple therapy the future for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this