Advances in mid-infrared fiber lasers

Markus Pollnau*, Stuart D. Jackson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The current state of the art in mid-infrared fiber laser research is reviewed. The relevant glass and ceramic fiber host materials and the fiber, pump, and resonator geometries are introduced. Lasers operating on transitions ranging from 1.9 to 4 μm occurring in the rare-earth ions Tm³⁺, Ho³⁺, Er³⁺, and Dy³⁺ and their population mechanisms are discussed on the basis of the fundamental spectroscopic properties of these ions. Continuous-wave fundamental-mode power levels ranging from a few mW near 4 μm up to 85Wnear 2μm have been demonstrated in recent years. Power-scaling methods and their limitations, the possibilities to optimize the population mechanisms and increase the efficiencies of these lasers, novel concepts, as well as the prospects of future mid-infrared fiber lasers at transitions in the wavelength range beyond 3 μm and extending to 5 μm are described.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMid-infrared coherent sources and applications
EditorsMajid Ebrahim-Zadeh, Irina T. Sorokina
Place of PublicationHeidelberg
PublisherSpringer, Springer Nature
Pages315-346
Number of pages32
ISBN (Print)9781402064395
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes
EventNATO Advanced Research Workshop on Middle Infrared Coherent Sources - Barcelona, Spain
Duration: 6 Nov 200511 Nov 2005

Publication series

NameNATO science for peace and security series. Series B, Physics and biophysics
PublisherSpringer
ISSN (Print)1871-4668

Workshop

WorkshopNATO Advanced Research Workshop on Middle Infrared Coherent Sources
CityBarcelona, Spain
Period6/11/0511/11/05

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