Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a debilitating disease of uncertain aetiology that is characterised by unexplained, severe fatigue associated with a number of typical symptoms. This paper reviews the scientific literature related to current theories about the aetiology and pathogenesis of CFS by focussing on what appear to be the four most significant aspects in the development and perpetuation of this disease: the role of infectious agents as well as immunological, neuroendocrine, and psychiatric factors. A multifactorial model for the aetiology of CFS, which includes and draws together these four aspects, is proposed; and suggestions are offered regarding approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of this disease.
|Journal||New Zealand Medical Journal (Online)|
|Publication status||Published - 6 Dec 2005|