Affad 23

settlement structures and palaeoenvironments in the Terminal Pleistocene of the Middle Nile Valley, Sudan

Piotr Osypinski, Mike W. Morley, Marta Osypinska, Anna M. Kotarba-Morley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Epipalaeolithic of the Levant witnessed important changes in subsistence behaviour, foreshadowing the transition to sedentism and cultivation, but much less is known of contemporary developments in the Middle Nile Valley. Here, Affad 23, a 16000-year-old settlement, on the margins of a resource-rich, multi-channel floodplain, offers exceptional insights. Unusually good preservation has left the remains of pits and postholes, indicating the construction of temporary shelters and specialised functional zones. The Affad 23 community successfully exploited a wide range of riverine resources, and created a highly organised seasonal camp adjacent to convenient, resource-rich hunting grounds. Surprisingly, they continued to exploit Levallois-like tools, rather than adopting the new technologies (e.g. microliths) that were then evolving in Upper Egypt.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)894–913
Number of pages20
JournalAntiquity
Volume90
Issue number352
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Sudan
  • Nile
  • Terminal Pleistocene
  • epi-Levallois
  • settlement
  • posthole
  • hearth
  • Epipalaeolithic

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