Aligning marine spatial conservation priorities with functional connectivity across maritime jurisdictions

Joseph M. Maina, Majambo Gamoyo, Vanessa M. Adams, Stephanie D'agata, Jared Bosire, Julius Francis, Dixon Waruinge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Globally, maritime boundaries on oceans form the basis of governance and management of natural resources, yet the fish, and other marine resources neither conform nor confine to these artificial boundaries. As goods and services from marine life continue to retrogress under the intense human exploitation and changing global environment, resilience could be supported through establishment of a functionally connected network of marine reserves across maritime jurisdictions. While the establishment of protected areas within the exclusive economic zones (EEZ) is expanding, mechanisms that would allow governments to conserve marine areas beyond national jurisdictions are currently inadequate. Consequently, implementing marine reserves is largely confined within territorial waters, high connectivity among contiguous maritime zones notwithstanding. As the global focus shifts toward achieving sustainable development goals for the oceans, there is a need for region‐specific approaches to area‐based biodiversity conservation that extends the scope of protection to areas in the high seas beyond the EEZ. Using simulations of functional connectivity and seafloor geomorphology, we present and apply in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) region a contextual approach to regional marine conservation planning to inform a more effective regional marine conservation across maritime zones.

LanguageEnglish
JournalConservation Science and Practice
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Dec 2019

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Exclusive Economic Zone
marine park
connectivity
maritime boundary
marine resource
conservation planning
ocean
geomorphology
protected area
sustainable development
seafloor
biodiversity
fish
simulation
water
jurisdiction
management of natural resources
need
Indian Ocean
goods and services

Cite this

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title = "Aligning marine spatial conservation priorities with functional connectivity across maritime jurisdictions",
abstract = "Globally, maritime boundaries on oceans form the basis of governance and management of natural resources, yet the fish, and other marine resources neither conform nor confine to these artificial boundaries. As goods and services from marine life continue to retrogress under the intense human exploitation and changing global environment, resilience could be supported through establishment of a functionally connected network of marine reserves across maritime jurisdictions. While the establishment of protected areas within the exclusive economic zones (EEZ) is expanding, mechanisms that would allow governments to conserve marine areas beyond national jurisdictions are currently inadequate. Consequently, implementing marine reserves is largely confined within territorial waters, high connectivity among contiguous maritime zones notwithstanding. As the global focus shifts toward achieving sustainable development goals for the oceans, there is a need for region‐specific approaches to area‐based biodiversity conservation that extends the scope of protection to areas in the high seas beyond the EEZ. Using simulations of functional connectivity and seafloor geomorphology, we present and apply in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) region a contextual approach to regional marine conservation planning to inform a more effective regional marine conservation across maritime zones.",
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Aligning marine spatial conservation priorities with functional connectivity across maritime jurisdictions. / Maina, Joseph M.; Gamoyo, Majambo; Adams, Vanessa M.; D'agata, Stephanie; Bosire, Jared; Francis, Julius; Waruinge, Dixon.

In: Conservation Science and Practice, 24.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Gamoyo, Majambo

AU - Adams, Vanessa M.

AU - D'agata, Stephanie

AU - Bosire, Jared

AU - Francis, Julius

AU - Waruinge, Dixon

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AB - Globally, maritime boundaries on oceans form the basis of governance and management of natural resources, yet the fish, and other marine resources neither conform nor confine to these artificial boundaries. As goods and services from marine life continue to retrogress under the intense human exploitation and changing global environment, resilience could be supported through establishment of a functionally connected network of marine reserves across maritime jurisdictions. While the establishment of protected areas within the exclusive economic zones (EEZ) is expanding, mechanisms that would allow governments to conserve marine areas beyond national jurisdictions are currently inadequate. Consequently, implementing marine reserves is largely confined within territorial waters, high connectivity among contiguous maritime zones notwithstanding. As the global focus shifts toward achieving sustainable development goals for the oceans, there is a need for region‐specific approaches to area‐based biodiversity conservation that extends the scope of protection to areas in the high seas beyond the EEZ. Using simulations of functional connectivity and seafloor geomorphology, we present and apply in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) region a contextual approach to regional marine conservation planning to inform a more effective regional marine conservation across maritime zones.

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