The activities of the hexose monophosphate dehydrogenases increased in adipose tissue, remained unchanged in liver and decreased in mammary gland following the weaning of rats at mid-lactation (day 14). When dietary intake was restricted at mid-lactation, the activities of the hexose monophosphate dehydrogenases increased in adipose tissue, decreased in liver, but were unaltered in mammary gland. Premature weaning on day 14 postpartum resulted in maternal increases in both plasma insulin and glucose, which peaked at day 16. The plasma insulin levels decreased from day 14 to day 18 postpartum in the normal lactating rat, and a similar trend was observed for animals on a restricted dietary intake. Daily food consumption in the lactating rat decreased from 50 g to 20 g after premature weaning. The live weight of pups raised on dams given a restricted food intake from day 14 had decreased by day 17 postpartum, whereas an increase in daily live weight gain was recorded for the litters from the lactating controls. The results demonstrate that the activities of the hexose monophosphate dehydrogenases are regulated differentially between tissues of the lactating rat.
- dietary restriction
- glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase