Alternative images of China in 2035: A Case study of Tamkang University workshops

Jeanne Hoffman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This article presents the findings of scenario planning workshops held on 10 and 13 December 2013 on the futures of 'China (PRC) in 2035' at the Graduate Institute of Futures Studies (GIFS) at Tamkang University in Taiwan. The workshops were structured around Inayatullah's (2008) six pillars foresight process and employed the futures triangle, causal layered analysis and creation of scenarios to create plausible futures. Four images were imagined: (1) the probable future, The King of the World or Next Superpower; (2) the feared future, The Hunger Games (China Threat), (3) the preferred future, A New Gaia; and (4) the alternative future, New Revolution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-34
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Futures Studies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Alternative futures
  • Causal layered analysis
  • China
  • Six pillars
  • The futures triangle


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