Amlodipine improves vessel function and remodeling in the lewis polycystic kidney rat mesenteric artery

Ko Jin Quek*, Omar Z. Ameer, Jacqueline K. Phillips

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND Hypertension is a common comorbidity associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Treatment in these patients often involves L-type Ca2+ channel (LTCC) blockers. The effect of chronic LTCC-blockade treatment on resistance vasculature was investigated in a genetic hypertensive rat model of CKD, the Lewis Polycystic Kidney (LPK) rat. METHODS Mixed-sex LPK and Lewis control rats (total n = 38) were allocated to treated (amlodipine 20 mg/kg/day p.o. from 4 to 18 weeks) and vehicle groups. Following systolic blood pressure and renal function assessment, animals were euthanized and mesenteric vasculature was collected for functional and structural assessment using pressure myography and histology. RESULTS Amlodipine treatment reduced LPK rat blood pressure (untreated vs. treated: 185 ± 5 vs. 165 ± 9 mm Hg; P = 0.019), reduced plasma creatinine (untreated vs. treated: 197 ± 17 vs. 140 ± 16 µmol/l; P = 0.002), and improved some vascular structural parameters (internal and external diameters and wall-lumen ratios); however wall thickness was still increased in LPK relative to Lewis despite treatment (Lewis vs. LPK: 31 ± 2 vs. 41 ± 2 µm, P = 0.047). Treatment improved LPK rats' endothelium dysfunction, and nitric oxide-dependent and endothelium-derived hyperpolarization vasorelaxation components, and downregulated prostanoid contributions. LTCC blockade had no effect on biomechanical properties of compliance and intrinsic stiffness, nor artery wall composition. CONCLUSIONS Our results indicate that blockade of LTCCs with amlodipine is effective in improving, to a certain extent, detrimental structural and functional vascular features of resistance arteries in CKD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)634-643
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Volume33
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Calcium channel blockade
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Endothelial function
  • Hypertension
  • Mesenteric resistance artery
  • Vascular stiffness

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