Amyloid-β and tau: a toxic pas de deux in Alzheimer's disease

Lars M. Ittner, Jörgen Götz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1039 Citations (Scopus)


Amyloid-β and tau are the two hallmark proteins in Alzheimer's disease. Although both amyloid-β and tau have been extensively studied individually with regard to their separate modes of toxicity, more recently new light has been shed on their possible interactions and synergistic effects in Alzheimer's disease. Here, we review novel findings that have shifted our understanding of the role of tau in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease towards being a crucial partner of amyloid-β. As we gain a deeper understanding of the different cellular functions of tau, the focus shifts from the axon, where tau has a principal role as a microtubule-associated protein, to the dendrite, where it mediates amyloid-β toxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-72
Number of pages6
JournalNature Reviews Neuroscience
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2011
Externally publishedYes


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