An amuletic papyrus from Theban Tomb 233 and the four akh-spirits

Boyo Guenter Ockinga, Hans-Werner Fischer-Elfert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Publication of an amuletic papyrus of the early post-Ramesside Period found in the tomb of Saroy (TT233) invoking the protection of the four akh-spirits. The text,
which is the earliest attested to specify the names of the spirits, is analysed in the context of the known parallel texts and of the references to the four spirits.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-46
Number of pages13
JournalZeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020


  • amuletic papyri
  • Egyptian magic
  • four akh-spirits
  • Saroy
  • TT233


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