An international survey of pain in adolescents

Michael Steven Swain, Nicholas Henschke, Steven James Kamper, Inese Gobina, Veronika Ottová-Jordan, Christopher Gerard Maher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background: A common belief is that pain is uncommon and short lived in adolescents. However, the burden of pain in adolescents is unclear because of limitations in previous research. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of headache, stomach-ache and backache in adolescents and to explore the extent to which these three forms of pain coexist based upon a representative sample of adolescents from 28 countries. Methods. Data were analysed from three consecutive waves (1997/98, 2001/02 and 2005/06) of the Health Behavior in School-aged Children: WHO Collaborative Cross-National survey (HBSC). Prevalence estimates are based upon adolescents who reported experiencing headache, stomach-ache or backache at least monthly for the last 6 months. Results: There were a total of 404,206 participants with a mean (±SD) age of 13.6 (±1.7) years (range 9.8 to 17.3 years). The prevalence of headache was 54.1%, stomach-ache 49.8%, backache 37%, and at least one of the three pains 74.4%. Girls had a higher prevalence of the three pains than boys and the prevalence of pain increased with age. Headache, stomach-ache and backache frequently coexist, for example, of those with headache: 21.2% had headache alone, 31% suffered from both headache and stomach-ache, 12.1% suffered from backache and headache, and 35.7% had all three pains. Conclusions: Somatic pain is very common in adolescents, more often coexisting than occurring in isolation. Our data supports the need for further research to improve the understanding of these pains in adolescents.

LanguageEnglish
Article number447
Pages1-7
Number of pages7
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 May 2014

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Pain
Headache
Back Pain
Stomach
Surveys and Questionnaires
Nociceptive Pain
Health Behavior
Research

Bibliographical note

This version is archived for private and non-commercial use under the terms of this BioMed Central open access license ("license") (see http://www.biomedcentral.com/about/license). The work is protected by copyright and/or other applicable law. Any use of the work other than as authorized under this license is prohibited. For further rights please check the terms of the license, or contact the publisher.

Cite this

Swain, M. S., Henschke, N., Kamper, S. J., Gobina, I., Ottová-Jordan, V., & Maher, C. G. (2014). An international survey of pain in adolescents. BMC Public Health, 14, 1-7. [447]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-447
Swain, Michael Steven ; Henschke, Nicholas ; Kamper, Steven James ; Gobina, Inese ; Ottová-Jordan, Veronika ; Maher, Christopher Gerard. / An international survey of pain in adolescents. In: BMC Public Health. 2014 ; Vol. 14. pp. 1-7.
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abstract = "Background: A common belief is that pain is uncommon and short lived in adolescents. However, the burden of pain in adolescents is unclear because of limitations in previous research. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of headache, stomach-ache and backache in adolescents and to explore the extent to which these three forms of pain coexist based upon a representative sample of adolescents from 28 countries. Methods. Data were analysed from three consecutive waves (1997/98, 2001/02 and 2005/06) of the Health Behavior in School-aged Children: WHO Collaborative Cross-National survey (HBSC). Prevalence estimates are based upon adolescents who reported experiencing headache, stomach-ache or backache at least monthly for the last 6 months. Results: There were a total of 404,206 participants with a mean (±SD) age of 13.6 (±1.7) years (range 9.8 to 17.3 years). The prevalence of headache was 54.1{\%}, stomach-ache 49.8{\%}, backache 37{\%}, and at least one of the three pains 74.4{\%}. Girls had a higher prevalence of the three pains than boys and the prevalence of pain increased with age. Headache, stomach-ache and backache frequently coexist, for example, of those with headache: 21.2{\%} had headache alone, 31{\%} suffered from both headache and stomach-ache, 12.1{\%} suffered from backache and headache, and 35.7{\%} had all three pains. Conclusions: Somatic pain is very common in adolescents, more often coexisting than occurring in isolation. Our data supports the need for further research to improve the understanding of these pains in adolescents.",
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Swain, MS, Henschke, N, Kamper, SJ, Gobina, I, Ottová-Jordan, V & Maher, CG 2014, 'An international survey of pain in adolescents', BMC Public Health, vol. 14, 447, pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-447

An international survey of pain in adolescents. / Swain, Michael Steven; Henschke, Nicholas; Kamper, Steven James; Gobina, Inese; Ottová-Jordan, Veronika; Maher, Christopher Gerard.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 14, 447, 13.05.2014, p. 1-7.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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Y1 - 2014/5/13

N2 - Background: A common belief is that pain is uncommon and short lived in adolescents. However, the burden of pain in adolescents is unclear because of limitations in previous research. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of headache, stomach-ache and backache in adolescents and to explore the extent to which these three forms of pain coexist based upon a representative sample of adolescents from 28 countries. Methods. Data were analysed from three consecutive waves (1997/98, 2001/02 and 2005/06) of the Health Behavior in School-aged Children: WHO Collaborative Cross-National survey (HBSC). Prevalence estimates are based upon adolescents who reported experiencing headache, stomach-ache or backache at least monthly for the last 6 months. Results: There were a total of 404,206 participants with a mean (±SD) age of 13.6 (±1.7) years (range 9.8 to 17.3 years). The prevalence of headache was 54.1%, stomach-ache 49.8%, backache 37%, and at least one of the three pains 74.4%. Girls had a higher prevalence of the three pains than boys and the prevalence of pain increased with age. Headache, stomach-ache and backache frequently coexist, for example, of those with headache: 21.2% had headache alone, 31% suffered from both headache and stomach-ache, 12.1% suffered from backache and headache, and 35.7% had all three pains. Conclusions: Somatic pain is very common in adolescents, more often coexisting than occurring in isolation. Our data supports the need for further research to improve the understanding of these pains in adolescents.

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Swain MS, Henschke N, Kamper SJ, Gobina I, Ottová-Jordan V, Maher CG. An international survey of pain in adolescents. BMC Public Health. 2014 May 13;14:1-7. 447. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-447