An online coordinated charging/discharging strategy of plug-in electric vehicles in unbalanced active distribution networks with ancillary reactive service in the energy market

Nasim Jabalameli, Xianging Su, Sara Deilami*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The global acceptance and off-grid charging of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) are expected to grow tremendously in the next few years. Uncoordinated PEV charging can cause serious grid issues such as overloading of transformers and unacceptable voltage drops. Single-phase residential charging can also initiate or contribute to voltage unbalance conditions in the distribution networks. A potential solution and key challenge for PEV integration is shifting of the charging activities to off-peak periods. This paper proposes a new PEV coordination approach based on genetic algorithm (GA) optimization to perform online centralized charging and discharging considering transformer loading and node voltage magnitude and unbalance profiles. It allows PEV as source of active and reactive power to participate in energy market based on different prices during a day, without any degradation. Finally, the impacts of uncoordinated and the proposed GA coordinated PEV charging/discharging strategy are simulated for a real unbalancedWestern Australian distribution network in the Perth solar city over 24 h.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1350
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalEnergies
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2019. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • ancillary voltage support
  • plug-in electric vehicle
  • online PEV coordination
  • voltage unbalance factor
  • distribution network

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