Andromeda IX: a new dwarf spheroidal satellite of M31

Daniel B. Zucker*, Alexei Y. Kniazev, Eric F. Bell, David Martínez-Delgado, Eva K. Grebel, Hans Walter Rix, Constance M. Rockosi, Jon A. Holtzman, Rene A M Walterbos, James Annis, Donald G. York, Željko Ivezić, J. Brinkmann, Howard Brewington, Michael Harvanek, Greg Hennessy, S. J. Kleinman, Jurek Krzesinski, Dan Long, Peter R. NewmanAtsuko Nitta, Stephanie A. Snedden

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

125 Citations (Scopus)


We report the discovery of a new dwarf spheroidal satellite of M31, Andromeda IX, based on resolved stellar photometry from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). Using both SDSS and public archival data, we have estimated its distance and other physical properties, and compared these to the properties of a previously known dwarf spheroidal companion, Andromeda V, also observed by SDSS. Andromeda IX is the lowest surface brightness galaxy found to date (μv,0 ∼ 26.8 mag arcsec-2), and at the distance we estimate from the position of the tip of Andromeda IX's red giant branch, (m - M)0 ∼ 24.5 (805 kpc), Andromeda IX would also be the faintest galaxy known (Mv ∼ -8.3).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L121-L124
Number of pages4
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 10 Sept 2004
Externally publishedYes


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