Angiotensin II-dependent TGF-β signaling contributes to Loeys-Dietz syndrome vascular pathogenesis

Elena M. Gallo, David C. Loch, Jennifer P. Habashi, Juan F. Calderon, Yichun Chen, Djahida Bedja, Christel Van Erp, Elizabeth E. Gerber, Sarah J. Parker, Kimberly Sauls, Daniel P. Judge, Sara K. Cooke, Mark E. Lindsay, Rosanne Rouf, Loretha Myers, Colette M. ap Rhys, Kathleen C. Kent, Russell A. Norris, David L. Huso, Harry C. Dietz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

124 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) is a connective tissue disorder that is characterized by a high risk for aneurysm and dissection throughout the arterial tree and phenotypically resembles Marfan syndrome. LDS is caused by heterozygous missense mutations in either TGF-β receptor gene (TGFBR1 or TGFBR2), which are predicted to result in diminished TGF-β signaling; however, aortic surgical samples from patients show evidence of paradoxically increased TGF-β signaling. We generated 2 knockin mouse strains with LDS mutations in either Tgfbr1 or Tgfbr2 and a transgenic mouse overexpressing mutant Tgfbr2. Knockin and transgenic mice, but not haploinsufficient animals, recapitulated the LDS phenotype. While heterozygous mutant cells had diminished signaling in response to exogenous TGF-β in vitro, they maintained normal levels of Smad2 phosphorylation under steady-state culture conditions, suggesting a chronic compensation. Analysis of TGF-β signaling in the aortic wall in vivo revealed progressive upregulation of Smad2 phosphorylation and TGF-β target gene output, which paralleled worsening of aneurysm pathology and coincided with upregulation of TGF-β1 ligand expression. Importantly, suppression of Smad2 phosphorylation and TGF-β1 expression correlated with the therapeutic efficacy of the angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist losartan. Together, these data suggest that increased TGF-β signaling contributes to postnatal aneurysm progression in LDS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)448-460
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume124
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

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