Angiotensin II mesenteric and renal vasoregulation: Dissimilar modulatory effects with nitroprusside

M. Broomé*, A. Åneman, M. Haney, S. Häggmark, G. Johansson, B. Biber

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The role of systemic arterial pressure for the vascular effects of angiotensin II (Ang II) and the interactions between Ang II and perfusion pressure-dependent local vascular control mechanisms are not well understood. This study addresses these aspects of exogenous Ang II in the mesenteric and renal regional circulations. Methods: Ang II was infused in incremental doses (0-200 μg/h) in anesthetized instrumented pigs (n=10). Renal and portal blood flows were measured by perivascular ultrasound. In the second part of the study, sodium nitroprusside (SNP) was infused at doses titrated to keep mean arterial pressure constant, in spite of concurrent Ang II administration. Results: Powerful dose-dependent vasoconstrictions by Ang II were found in renal and mesenteric vascular beds (at highest Ang II doses vascular resistances increased by 109% and 88% respectively). Ang II-induced vasoconstriction was fully inhibited in the mesenteric, but not in the renal circulation, during conditions of constant mean arterial pressures achieved by SNP infusion. Conclusions: Mesenteric, but not renal, vasoconstriction by Ang II was inhibited by pharmacological maintenance of perfusion pressure. This could reflect differences between these vascular beds as regards the importance of co-acting myogenic pressure-dependent vasoconstriction. Alternatively, as the drug chosen for pressure control, sodium nitroprusside, serves as a nitric oxide donor, the relative balance between nitric oxide-mediated vasodilation and Ang II-induced vasoconstriction could have regional differences. (C) Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 44 (2000).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1238-1245
Number of pages8
JournalActa Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Volume44
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Angiotensin amide
  • Angiotensin II
  • Atrial natriuretic factor
  • Hemodynamics
  • Nitroprusside
  • Pulmonary circulation
  • Renal circulation
  • Renin-angiotensin system
  • Splanchnic circulation
  • Swine
  • Vasoconstriction

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