Objective: To present the diagnosis course and sequelae of a case of anti-N-methyl-D-Aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis, drawing attention to early psychiatric symptoms. Method: The literature on anti-NMDA encephalitis is reviewed and possible psychopathological mechanisms discussed. Result: New onset psychoses, presenting with the combination of hallucinations, dyskinesias and seizures and progressing to catatonia should be referred to neurology for consideration of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis. Conclusion: Early diagnosis is important for a favourable prognosis.
- N-methyl-D-Aspartate receptor