Antibacterial and antifungal activity of aromatic constituents of essential oils

S. Pattnaik*, V. R. Subramanyam, M. Bapaji, C. R. Kole

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

531 Citations (Scopus)


Five aromatic constituents of essential oils (cineole, citral, geraniol, linalool and menthol) were tested for antimicrobial activity against eighteen bacteria (including Gram-positive cocci and rods, and Gram-negative rods) and twelve fungi (three yeast-like and nine filamentous). In terms of antibacterial activity linalool was the most effective and inhibited seventeen bacteria, followed by cineole, geraniol (each of which inhibited sixteen bacteria), menthol and citral aromatic compounds, which inhibited fifteen and fourteen bacteria, respectively. Against fungi the citral and geraniol oils were the most effective (inhibiting all twelve fungi), followed by linalool (inhibiting ten fungi), cineole and menthol (each of which inhibited seven fungi) compounds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-46
Number of pages8
Issue number358
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Antibacterials
  • Antifungals
  • Antimicrobials
  • Aromatic compounds
  • Essential oils


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