Anticipatory action learning: theory and practice

Sohail Inayatullah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Citations (Scopus)


Anticipatory action learning (AAL) draws from action learning/research traditions and Futures Studies to develop a unique style of questioning the future with intent to transform organization and society. Case studies from futures workshops are used to illustrate the main points of anticipatory action learning. These are: (1) sensitivity to the environment - Workshop dynamics and ways of learning/knowing of participants, (2) questioning leads to anxiety in the organization, (3) anticipatory action learning can be easily appropriated, (4) resistance must be named, understood and transformed, and (5) the future is deepened by authentic understanding of the other.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)656-666
Number of pages11
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes


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