Anticipatory planning of r-insertion in Australian English

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    In non-rhotic Australian English, glottalization and ‘r’ insertion are strategies used to separate contiguous heterosyllabic vowels (hiatus). This study examined hiatus breaking strategies to determine whether realisation and incidence differed as a function of prosodic context. We were also interested in whether inserted ‘r’ exhibited pre-planning. In an elicited production task, 14 non-rhotic Australian English speakers produced sentences containing two types of coda-less monosyllabic target noun (e.g. paw - containing no orthographic ‘r’, and door - containing orthographic ‘r’). These were followed by an onset-less preposition (of, under, above) (e.g., ‘This is the paw of the dog’). The incidence of inserted ‘r’ did not vary significantly across prosodically controlled but orthographically different contexts. However, the nature of the following preposition affected the choice of ‘r’ vs. glottalization. Importantly, for those speakers who produced auditorily identified ‘r’, we observed anticipatory F3 lowering in the vowel preceding inserted ‘r’ indicating non-local planning.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences
    Editors The Scottish Consortium for ICPhS 2015
    Place of PublicationLondon
    PublisherInternational Phonetic Association
    Number of pages5
    ISBN (Print)9780852619414
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    EventInternational congress of phonetic sciences (18th : 2015) - Glasgow, UK
    Duration: 10 Aug 201514 Aug 2015


    ConferenceInternational congress of phonetic sciences (18th : 2015)
    CityGlasgow, UK

    Bibliographical note

    Copyright the Author(s) 2015. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


    • r-insertion
    • speech planning
    • Australian English
    • glottalization
    • hiatus


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