Anxiety and attentional bias in preschool-aged children: an eyetracking study

Helen F. Dodd*, Jennifer L. Hudson, Tracey Williams, Talia Morris, Rebecca S. Lazarus, Yulisha Byrow

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Extensive research has examined attentional bias for threat in anxious adults and school-aged children but it is unclear when this anxiety-related bias is first established. This study uses eyetracking technology to assess attentional bias in a sample of 83 children aged 3 or 4 years. Of these, 37 (19 female) met criteria for an anxiety disorder and 46 (30 female) did not. Gaze was recorded during a free-viewing task with angry-neutral face pairs presented for 1250 ms. There was no indication of between-group differences in threat bias, with both anxious and non-anxious groups showing vigilance for angry faces as well as longer dwell times to angry over neutral faces. Importantly, however, the anxious participants spent significantly less time looking at the faces overall, when compared to the non-anxious group. The results suggest that both anxious and non-anxious preschool-aged children preferentially attend to threat but that anxious children may be more avoidant of faces than non-anxious children.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA004
Pages (from-to)1055-1065
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2015


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