Objective: Arterial stiffness is a significant determinant of cardiovascular risk and is related to vascular calcification. Vitamin D may regulate arterial calcification and has been associated with cardiovascular survival benefits. However, data about the relationship between arterial stiffness, aortic calcification and vitamin D levels in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and in healthy subjects are limited. We examined the potential association between aortic calcification, arterial stiffness and vitamin D levels in patients with symptomatic PAD and in healthy individuals. Methods: We studied 78 men with PAD (aged 63 ± 7 years) and 74 healthy men (aged 61 ± 10 years). Aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV) was determined by applanation tonometry using the Sphygmocor device. Aortic calcification score (ACS) was quantified by computed tomography. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were measured using a radioimmune assay. Results: ACS (4.9(2.3-8.9) vs. 0.2(0.03-1.6) (cm 3); p < 0.01), aPWV (9.8 ± 2.4 vs. 8.2 ± 1.6 (m s -1); p < 0.01) and 25(OH)D (15.1 ± 5.4 vs. 19.0 ± 5.9 (ng ml -1); p < 0.01) were different in the patients compared with the controls. In multivariate analysis, ACS was independently determined by 25(OH)D, aPWV, calcium and age in patients with PAD (R 2 = 0.49; p < 0.001) and by 25(OH)D, aPWV, cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and age in the control group (R 2 = 0.55; p < 0.001). Increased aPWV and lower levels of 25(OH)D were associated with decreased ankle-brachial pressure index (p = 0.03). Conclusion: These results indicate that calcification of the aorta is independently associated with aortic stiffness and serum 25(OH)D level in patients with PAD and in healthy subjects. Aortic stiffness and abnormal vitamin D level may contribute to vascular calcification and are related to higher severity grade of atherosclerotic disease.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2011|
- Aortic calcification
- Arterial stiffness
- Peripheral arterial disease
- Vitamin D