Apartheid as an international crime

Alexander Zahar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The author argues that no distinct international crime of apartheid exists. Some forms of apartheid may, depending on the facts of each situation, be prosecutable as special cases of the crime against humanity of persecution. In such a case, the elements of persecution must be proven. The "crime of apartheid" survives in the ICC statute -- article 7(1)(j) -- for sentimental/political reasons only.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Companion to International Criminal Justice
EditorsAntonio Cassese
Place of PublicationUK
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages2
ISBN (Print)9780199238316
Publication statusPublished - 2009


  • apartheid
  • international criminal law
  • crimes against humanity
  • ICC
  • International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid


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