Application of clinical databases to contemporary cardiac surgery practice: where are we now?

Akshat Saxena*, Andrew E. Newcomb, Vikrant Dhurandhar, Paul G. Bannon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Cardiac surgery has embraced and encouraged the use of large, multi-institutional datasets in clinical practice. From a research perspective, database studies have facilitated an increased understanding of cardiac surgery. Among other uses, they have allowed an investigation of disease incidence and mortality, high risk groups, disparities in health care delivery and the impact of new devices and techniques. Databases are also important tools for clinical governance and quality improvement. Despite their obvious utility, clinical databases have limitations; they are subject to treatment bias, contain missing data and cannot establish causality. Moreover, the ongoing maintenance of the database requires significant human and financial resources. In the future, inclusion of more detailed follow-up data and integration with other datasets will improve the utility of clinical databases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-242
Number of pages6
JournalHeart, Lung and Circulation
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Australia and new zealand society of cardiac and thoracic surgeons (ANZSCTS)
  • Cardiac surgery
  • Database
  • Observational studies
  • Society for cardiothoracic surgery (SCTS)
  • Society of thoracic surgery (STS)


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