Uptake of next-generation sequencing (NGS) has increased dramatically due to significant cost reductions and broader community acceptance of NGS. To systematically review the evidence on both the clinical effectiveness and the cost-effectiveness of applying NGS to cancer care. A systematic search for full-length original research articles on the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of NGS in MEDLINE and EMBASE. Articles that focussed on cancer care and involved the application of NGS were included for the review of clinical effectiveness. For the cost-effectiveness review, we only included the articles with economic evaluations of NGS in cancer care. We report the rate of successfully detecting mutations from the clinical studies. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio and sensitivity analysis outcomes are reported for the cost-effectiveness articles. Fifty-six articles reported that sequencing patient samples using targeted gene panels, and 83% of the successfully sequenced patients harboured at least 1 mutation. Only 6 studies reported on the cost-effectiveness of the application of NGS in cancer care. NGS is an effective tool for identifying mutation in cancer patients. However, more rigorous cost-effectiveness studies of NGS applied to cancer management are needed to determine whether NGS can improve patient outcomes cost-effectively.
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2018|
- economic evaluation
- next-generation sequencing
- quality of evidence