Appreciating complexity in adolescent self-harm risk factors: psychological profiling in a longitudinal community sample

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Past research identifies a number of risk factors for adolescent self-harm, but often fails to account for overlap between these factors. This study investigated the underlying, broader concepts by identifying different psychological profiles among adolescents. We then compared new self-harm rates over a six-month period across different psychological profiles. Australian high school students (n = 326, 68.1% female) completed a questionnaire including a broad range of psychological and socioenvironmental risk and protective factors. Non-hierarchical cluster analysis produced six groups with different psychological profiles at baseline and rate of new self-harm at follow-up. The lowest rate was 1.4% in a group that appeared psychologically healthy; the highest rate was 37.5% in a group that displayed numerous psychological difficulties. Four groups with average self-harm had varied psychological profiles including low impulsivity, anxiety, impulsivity, and poor use of positive coping strategies. Identifying multiple profiles with distinct psychological characteristics can improve detection, guide prevention, and tailor treatment.

LanguageEnglish
Pages916-931
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
Volume47
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2018

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psychological factors
Psychology
adolescent
community
Group
Impulsive Behavior
cluster analysis
coping
anxiety
questionnaire
Cluster Analysis
school
Anxiety
Students
student
Research

Keywords

  • adolescence
  • psychological profiles
  • risk factors
  • self-harm

Cite this

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title = "Appreciating complexity in adolescent self-harm risk factors: psychological profiling in a longitudinal community sample",
abstract = "Past research identifies a number of risk factors for adolescent self-harm, but often fails to account for overlap between these factors. This study investigated the underlying, broader concepts by identifying different psychological profiles among adolescents. We then compared new self-harm rates over a six-month period across different psychological profiles. Australian high school students (n = 326, 68.1{\%} female) completed a questionnaire including a broad range of psychological and socioenvironmental risk and protective factors. Non-hierarchical cluster analysis produced six groups with different psychological profiles at baseline and rate of new self-harm at follow-up. The lowest rate was 1.4{\%} in a group that appeared psychologically healthy; the highest rate was 37.5{\%} in a group that displayed numerous psychological difficulties. Four groups with average self-harm had varied psychological profiles including low impulsivity, anxiety, impulsivity, and poor use of positive coping strategies. Identifying multiple profiles with distinct psychological characteristics can improve detection, guide prevention, and tailor treatment.",
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Appreciating complexity in adolescent self-harm risk factors : psychological profiling in a longitudinal community sample. / Stanford, Sarah; Jones, Michael P.; Hudson, Jennifer L.

In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, Vol. 47, No. 5, 05.2018, p. 916-931.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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