Archaeocyatha and the biostratigraphy of the Lower Cambrian Hawker group, South Australia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Lower Cambrian strata in the Adelaide Geosyncline in South Australia contain rich faunas of Archaeocyatha. Recent Russian and French research has established a Lower Cambrian archaeocyathan faunal succession in Siberia, Europe and Africa, enabling correlation with those areas. Restricted dispersal of the benthonic Archaeocyatha makes genera, rather than species, useful for intercontinental correlation. South Australian faunas described previously were not collected in sequence and are of limited biostratigraphic use. Four collections from strata associated with an archaeocyathan biohermal bank in the Hawker Group of the Flinders Ranges were studied: faunas from the older two collections are distinct from those of the younger two. Resultant intraregional correlations suggest the presence of other bioherms, including the Ajax Limestone in the classic Ajax Mine locality. The potential of archaeocyathans for intraregional correlation is confirmed. There are ten genera in common between the four collections and the Siberian faunas; these genera have short time ranges within the Early Cambrian in Siberia. The age of the main part of the Hawker Group ranges from that of the upper Aldan Stage to the lower Lena Stage of Siberia. This investigation indicates the great scope of Archaeocyatha for intercontinental correlation.

LanguageEnglish
Pages139-152
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the Geological Society of Australia
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1967
Externally publishedYes

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biostratigraphy
fauna
bioherm
geosyncline
limestone

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title = "Archaeocyatha and the biostratigraphy of the Lower Cambrian Hawker group, South Australia",
abstract = "Lower Cambrian strata in the Adelaide Geosyncline in South Australia contain rich faunas of Archaeocyatha. Recent Russian and French research has established a Lower Cambrian archaeocyathan faunal succession in Siberia, Europe and Africa, enabling correlation with those areas. Restricted dispersal of the benthonic Archaeocyatha makes genera, rather than species, useful for intercontinental correlation. South Australian faunas described previously were not collected in sequence and are of limited biostratigraphic use. Four collections from strata associated with an archaeocyathan biohermal bank in the Hawker Group of the Flinders Ranges were studied: faunas from the older two collections are distinct from those of the younger two. Resultant intraregional correlations suggest the presence of other bioherms, including the Ajax Limestone in the classic Ajax Mine locality. The potential of archaeocyathans for intraregional correlation is confirmed. There are ten genera in common between the four collections and the Siberian faunas; these genera have short time ranges within the Early Cambrian in Siberia. The age of the main part of the Hawker Group ranges from that of the upper Aldan Stage to the lower Lena Stage of Siberia. This investigation indicates the great scope of Archaeocyatha for intercontinental correlation.",
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Archaeocyatha and the biostratigraphy of the Lower Cambrian Hawker group, South Australia. / Walter, M. R.

In: Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, Vol. 14, No. 1, 01.01.1967, p. 139-152.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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