Australia’s Kyoto Protocol ratification (KPR) in December 2007 mandates the country to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, hence affecting firms in the highest emitting industries. We exploit the KPR as an exogenous increase in environmental risk facing the highest GHG emitters. We find that the stock market reactions to bank loan announcements significantly increase after the KPR for these emitters relative to non-emitters. The effect is stronger for borrowers with higher information asymmetry and financial constraints. The evidence suggests that banks can certify their borrowers’ environmental risk through their loan approvals, which confirms the certification role of banks.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 2021|
- Bank loan announcement
- Abnormal return
- Environmental risk