Are planetary nebulae derived from multiple evolutionary scenarios?

David J. Frew*, Quentin A. Parker

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contribution

    1 Citation (Scopus)


    Our understanding of planetary nebulae has been significantly enhanced as a result of several recent large surveys (Parker et al., these proceedings). These new discoveries suggest that the 'PN phenomenon' is in fact more heterogeneous than previously envisaged. Even after the careful elimination of mimics from Galactic PN catalogues, there remains a surprising diversity in the population of PNe and especially their central stars. Indeed, several evolutionary scenarios are implicated in the formation of objects presently catalogued as PNe. We provide a summary of these evolutionary pathways and give examples of each. Eventually, a full census of local PNe can be used to confront both stellar evolution theory and population synthesis models.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationPlanetary Nebulae: An Eye to the Future
    EditorsArturo Manchado, Letizia Stanghellini, Detlef Schönberner
    Place of PublicationParis
    Number of pages4
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

    Publication series

    NameProceedings of the International Astronomical Union
    ISSN (Print)17439213
    ISSN (Electronic)17439221


    • Planetary nebulae: general
    • stars: AGB and post-AGB
    • stars: evolution
    • surveys


    Dive into the research topics of 'Are planetary nebulae derived from multiple evolutionary scenarios?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this