Are planetary nebulae derived from multiple evolutionary scenarios?

David J. Frew*, Quentin A. Parker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contribution


Our understanding of planetary nebulae has been significantly enhanced as a result of several recent large surveys (Parker et al., these proceedings). These new discoveries suggest that the 'PN phenomenon' is in fact more heterogeneous than previously envisaged. Even after the careful elimination of mimics from Galactic PN catalogues, there remains a surprising diversity in the population of PNe and especially their central stars. Indeed, several evolutionary scenarios are implicated in the formation of objects presently catalogued as PNe. We provide a summary of these evolutionary pathways and give examples of each. Eventually, a full census of local PNe can be used to confront both stellar evolution theory and population synthesis models.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPlanetary Nebulae: An Eye to the Future
EditorsArturo Manchado, Letizia Stanghellini, Detlef Schönberner
Place of PublicationParis
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Astronomical Union
ISSN (Print)17439213
ISSN (Electronic)17439221


  • Planetary nebulae: general
  • stars: AGB and post-AGB
  • stars: evolution
  • surveys

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