Art and gridlines: the copying of Old Kingdom scenes in later periods

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Works of top Old Kingdom artists were considered as examples to emulate by contemporaries and by later generations. The magnificently decorated tombs of Ptahhotep I, Akhethotep and Ptahhotep II probably remained accessible for a long time. Two observations may be made on their scenes: a) certain parts were left in different states of incompletion. Did it aim at demonstrating their techniques?; b) square gridlines were added above sections of completed reliefs, and the same is found e.g. in the tombs of Iyrnery at Giza and Pepyankh-henykem at Meir. The last case suggests that the gridlines were used by Middle Kingdom artists to copy some Old Kingdom masterpieces in Middle Kingdom tombs, or for teaching purposes in the newly established schools.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAbusir and Saqqara in the Year 2010
EditorsMiroslav Bárta, Filip Coppens, Jaromir Krejči
Place of PublicationPrague
PublisherCzech Institute of Egyptology, Charles University
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9788073083847
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • Old Kingdom
  • Saqqara
  • Giza
  • Meir
  • tombs
  • reliefs
  • Middle Kingdom copies

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