Artificial intelligence for participatory health

applications, impact, and future implications

Kerstin Denecke, Elia Gabarron, Rebecca Grainger, Stathis Th. Konstantinidis, Annie Lau, Octavio Rivera-Romero, Talya Miron-Shatz, Mark Merolli

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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Abstract

Objective: Artificial intelligence (AI) provides people and professionals working in the field of participatory health informatics an opportunity to derive robust insights from a variety of online sources. The objective of this paper is to identify current state of the art and application areas of AI in the context of participatory health. Methods: A search was conducted across seven databases (PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, PsychInfo, ACM Digital Library, IEEExplore, and SCOPUS), covering articles published since 2013. Additionally, clinical trials involving AI in participatory health contexts registered at clinicaltrials.gov were collected and analyzed. Results: Twenty-two articles and 12 trials were selected for review. The most common application of AI in participatory health was the secondary analysis of social media data: self-reported data including patient experiences with healthcare facilities, reports of adverse drug reactions, safety and efficacy concerns about over-the-counter medications, and other perspectives on medications. Other application areas included determining which online forum threads required moderator assistance, identifying users who were likely to drop out from a forum, extracting terms used in an online forum to learn its vocabulary, highlighting contextual information that is missing from online questions and answers, and paraphrasing technical medical terms for consumers. Conclusions: While AI for supporting participatory health is still in its infancy, there are a number of important research priorities that should be considered for the advancement of the field. Further research evaluating the impact of AI in participatory health informatics on the psychosocial wellbeing of individuals would help in facilitating the wider acceptance of AI into the healthcare ecosystem.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-173
Number of pages9
JournalYearbook of Medical Informatics
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

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Copyright the Publisher 2019. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

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    Denecke, K., Gabarron, E., Grainger, R., Konstantinidis, S. T., Lau, A., Rivera-Romero, O., ... Merolli, M. (2019). Artificial intelligence for participatory health: applications, impact, and future implications. Yearbook of Medical Informatics, 28(1), 165-173. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1677902