Artificial noise: transmission optimization in multi-input single-output wiretap channels

Nan Yang, Shihao Yan, Jinhong Yuan, Robert Malaney, Ramanan Subramanian, Ingmar Land

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

130 Citations (Scopus)


We analyze and optimize the secrecy performance of artificial noise (AN) in multi-input single-output wiretap channels with multiple antennas at the transmitter and a single antenna at the receiver and the eavesdropper. We consider two transmission schemes: 1) an on-off transmission scheme with a constant secrecy rate for all transmission periods, and 2) an adaptive transmission scheme with a varying secrecy rate during each transmission period. For the on-off transmission scheme, an easy-to-compute expression is derived for the hybrid outage probability, which allows us to evaluate the transmission outage probability and the secrecy outage probability. For the adaptive transmission scheme where transmission outage does not occur, we derive a closed-form expression for the secrecy outage probability. Using these expressions, we determine the optimal power allocation between the information signal and the AN signal and also determine the optimal secrecy rate such that the effective secrecy throughput is maximized for both transmission schemes. We show that the maximum effective secrecy throughput requires more power to be allocated to the AN signal when the quality of the transmitter-receiver channel or the transmitter-eavesdropper channel improves. We also show that both transmission schemes achieve a higher maximum effective secrecy throughput while incurring a lower secrecy outage probability than existing schemes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1771-1783
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Artificial noise
  • multi-input single-output wiretap channels
  • optimization
  • physical-layer security


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