M. K. Hebblewhite

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary/reference book


Ancient mechanized military equipment designed to shoot projectiles, usually bolts or stones, at a velocity and over a distance a soldier could not have manually achieved, is categorized using the modern term “artillery” (Marsden 1969: 1–2). Artillery was used in siege warfare, field operations, and naval warfare. There were two broad types of artillery in the ancient world. “Tension artillery” derived its propulsive power from a bow-shaped composite structure. “Torsion artillery” relied on the propulsive power of torsion springs fashioned from hair or sinew.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Encyclopedia of ancient history
EditorsRoger S. Bagnall, Kai Brodersen, Craige B. Champion, Andrew Erskine, Sabine R Huebner
Place of PublicationMalden, MA
PublisherWiley-Blackwell, Wiley
Number of pages2
ISBN (Print)9781444338386
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • military history
  • war


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