Asia has the global advantage: Race and visual attention

Elinor McKone*, Anne Aimola Davies, Dinusha Fernando, Rachel Aalders, Hildie Leung, Tushara Wickramariyaratne, Michael J. Platow

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    67 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In studies of visual attention, and related aspects of cognition, race (continent/s of ancestry) of participants is typically not reported, implying that authors consider this variable irrelevant to outcomes. However, there exist several findings of perceptual differences between East Asians and Caucasian Westerners that can be interpreted as relative differences in global versus local distribution of attention. Here, we used Navon figures (e.g., large E made up of small Vs) to provide the first direct comparison of global-local processing using a standard method from the attention literature. Relative to Caucasians, East Asians showed a strong global advantage. Further, this extended to the second generation (Asian-Australians), although weakened compared to recent immigrants. Our results argue participants' race should be reported in all studies about, or involving, visual attention to spatially distributed stimuli: to continue to ignore race risks adding noise to data and/or drawing invalid theoretical conclusions by mixing functionally distinct populations.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1540-1549
    Number of pages10
    JournalVision Research
    Volume50
    Issue number16
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010

    Keywords

    • Attention
    • Culture differences
    • Global-local processing
    • Race differences

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