Assessing children's first impressions of "wallBo"- a robotic handwashing buddy

Amol Deshmukh, Katie Riddoch, Emily S. Cross

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review


In this paper we present our preliminary results from the first trial conducted with "WallBo"a robotic buddy to improve handwashing for children in schools. The one-week trial was carried out in a Scottish school with 16 pupils, aged 6-7 in an ecologically valid setting. The 1:1 interaction with WallBo resulted in 86.25% handwashing compliance, a 33.25% improvement from the baseline handwashing technique pre-WallBo training, and an overall, ≈ 35% improvement on knowledge about hand hygiene. We also report some insights about perceptions about WallBo in this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIDC 2021
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of Interaction Design and Children
Place of PublicationNew York, NY
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781450384520
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021
EventACM Interaction Design and Children Conference (20th : 2021) - Virtual, Online, Greece
Duration: 24 Jun 202130 Jun 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings of Interaction Design and Children, IDC 2021


ConferenceACM Interaction Design and Children Conference (20th : 2021)
Abbreviated titleIDC 2021
CityVirtual, Online


  • child-robot interaction
  • handwashing
  • interaction design
  • user perception
  • COVID-19


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