A two-dimensional thin-layer chromatographic analysis of [14C]-labelled metabolites in Escherichia coli was employed to follow metabolic shifts in response to superoxide stress. Steady-state challenge with paraquat at concentrations inducing SoxRS-controlled genes resulted in several alterations in metabolite pools, including a striking increase in valine concentration. Elevated valine levels, together with increased glutathione and alkylperoxidase, are proposed to constitute an intracellular protection mechanism against reactive oxygen species. As shown by this example of metabolome analysis, novel cellular responses to environmental challenge can be revealed by following the total complement of metabolites in a cell.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|