Assessing the sensitivity of a land-surface scheme to the parameter values using a single column model

A. J. Pitman

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76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The sensitivity of a land-surface scheme (the Biosphere Atmosphere Transfer Scheme, BATS) to its parameter values was investigated using a single column model. Identifying which parameters were important in controlling the turbulent energy fluxes, temperature, soil moisture, and runoff was dependent upon many factors. The sensitivity shown by BATS depended on which vegetation type was being simulated, which variable was used to determine sensitivity, the magnitude and sign of the parameter change, the climate regime (precipitation amount and frequency), and soil moisture levels and proximity to wilting. This paper shows that no general ranking of parameters is possible. It is also emphasized that using "stand-alone' forcing to examine the sensitivity of a land-surface scheme to perturbations, in either parameters or the atmosphere, is unreliable due to the lack of surface-atmospheric feedbacks. -from Author

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1856-1869
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Climate
Volume7
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1994

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