Assessment of isoflavone and ethanolic extract of Inonotus obliquus on experimentally induced diabetes

Kingsley Duru*, Cara Hildreth, Alberto Avolio, Jacqueline K. Phillips, Mark Butlin

*Corresponding author for this work

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Purpose: Studies support beneficial effects of isoflavones, but antidiabetic effects of these agents remains unconfirmed [1,2]. This pilot study investigates isoflavones and Inonotus obliquus (chaga) extract effects on diabetes. Methods: Diabetes was induced (streptozotocin 65 mg/kg, nicotinamide 110 mg/kg) in 9 male Wistar rats (12 weeks old). 9 additional rats were healthy controls. After 4 weeks animals were treated for 4 weeks with vehicle, isoflavone (200 mg/kg/day), or Inonotus obliquus (100 mg/kg/day). Blood pressure and metabolic caging were measured weekly. Glucose tolerance, renal function (serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) level, creatinine clearance rate) and heart, kidney and body weight were assessed at the end-point. Results: The diabetes group had 1 death (ketoacidosis). Untreated diabetic rats showed glucose intolerance (area under curve (AUC) = 64.87 ± 9.71 min × mmol/L), ameliorated with isoflavone (AUC = 14.78 ± 1.1 min × mmol/L, p < 0.001) and chaga extract (AUC = 30.4 ± 13.5 min × mmol/L, p < 0.001). Body weight was lower but not significantly different in untreated (491.3 ± 35.3 g) versus isoflavone (521.0 ± 7.0 g, p > 0.05) and chaga treatment (552.0 ± 91.9 g, p > 0.05). Kidney mass index was higher in untreated diabetic rats (0.51 ± 0.06) compared to isoflavone (0.36 ± 0.02, p < 0.05) but not significantly different in chaga (0.39 ± 0.06, p > 0.05) treatment. Food and water intake and 24 hr urine output was not significantly different. No difference in serum creatinine, BUN, or creatinine clearance rate were found. Conclusions: Initial results indicate renal benefits of isoflavone and chaga extract in an animal model of diabetes but without other cardiovascular impact. The study was underpowered to detect all differences and further work, including translating results to humans, is required.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberP.62
Pages (from-to)S85
Number of pages1
JournalArtery Research
Issue numberSupplement 1
Publication statusPublished - 2020
EventAssociation for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology Conference 2020: ARTERY 2020 - Virtual
Duration: 23 Oct 202024 Oct 2020

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology 2020. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


  • diabetes
  • renal function
  • isoflavones


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