Assessment of knowledge, belief and self-efficacy regarding osteoporosis among female academician in Malaysia

Samia Amin, Abdul Rahman Hejar, Ismail Suriani, Emilia Zainal Abidin

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Abstract

Osteoporosis does not only causes increase economic burden, it also leads to social, physical and psychological consequences. The incidence of osteoporosis has been increasing particularly due to increase in life expectancy of general population which affects women to a greater extent than men. Despite of availability treatment for osteoporosis, prevention is still preferable to combat this disease. A good knowledge and awareness of a disease are pre-requisites for the success of preventive measures, modifications in life styles and treatment adherence. This cross-sectional study was conducted with the purpose of assessing the level of knowledge, belief and self-efficacy regarding osteoporosis among female academician in a public university in Malaysia. Total 212 respondents were agreed to participate. Data was collection by a structured questionnaire consisting of Osteoporosis Knowledge Test (OKT); Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale (OHBS); Osteoporosis Self-Efficacy Scale (OSES). Participants had low level of knowledge on osteoporosis; low level of belief of susceptibility but higher self-efficacy. Public wakefulness of osteoporosis remains low, health education is effective in improving awareness among female which can be one of the best choices for increasing knowledge of osteoporosis and inducing behavioral change in the period of peak bone density.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)813-818
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research
Volume6
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • osteoporosis
  • knowledge
  • belief
  • self-efficacy
  • Malaysia

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