Assessment of second-order shape information in mice primary visual cortex

William J. Redmond, Hans Op De Beeck

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

Abstract

The investigation of high-level properties of human cortical vision has long been modelled using mainly nonhuman primates. Yet, at least for transformation-invariant object recognition, rodents’ capabilities have now been asserted as a valid tool to study some characteristics of object recognition (1, 2). In this study, we aimed to 1. Train mice in a texture-based shape discrimination and generalization task using Saksida-Bussey touchscreen chambers, 2. Record single-unit activity with multi-channel silicone probe arrays in the primary visual cortex and 3. Use unsupervised and supervised machine-learning approaches to assess the presence of shape-related information in isolated single-unit responses (150 cells, 8 animals). We have found that mice are able to distinguish mid-level vision features through an incremental learning approach, leading them to correctly identify (above 77,5% correct threshold) texture over texture shapes. We also found that, after using a dimensionality reduction approach (multi-dimensional scaling) of the full temporal response of neurons in V1, responses cluster surprisingly well relating to shape, though grating orientation information is still a driving force. Finally, we have further investigated generalization capabilities of classifiers to differentiate between two shapes of differing texture orientation. Taken together, our results indicate some weak yet present information relating to shape in V1. We can also confirm that mice can differentiate between second-order shapes despite this strong influence of orientation-selectivity pull.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jan 2019
EventBelgian Brain Congress 2018 - Liege, Belgium
Duration: 19 Oct 201819 Oct 2018

Conference

ConferenceBelgian Brain Congress 2018
CountryBelgium
CityLiege
Period19/10/1819/10/18

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