Assessment of thermal processing behaviour of corn cob, vine rod and sunflower

Simona Domazetovska, Vladimir Strezov, Risto V. Filkoski, Tao Kan

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contribution

    Abstract

    The efforts to achieve reduction in carbon emission, soaring prices of petroleum and concerns over secured energy supply are the major drivers in the search for alternative renewable energy sources. Typical and abundant biomass residues, such as corn cob, vine rod and sunflower, have potential to produce energy in carbon neutral way when subjected to pyrolysis conversion through biogas, bio-oils and bio-char products. The objective of this work was to assess the thermal behaviour of these three agricultural biomass materials under slow pyrolysis conditions, in order to quantify their energy potential. In that direction, a variety of technological tools were employed in the research. The thermo-gravimetric analyser was used on the raw samples to monitor the mass change and to determine the proximate analysis of the considered biomass samples, which is the basis for estimation of their calorific value. The raw samples and the char products of pyrolysis at 500˚C were analysed using Fourier transform-infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The results indicate change in functional groups between raw and solid char products, which refers to the loss of organics after pyrolysis at 500˚C. The organic compounds contained in the pyrolysis oils at 500˚C were investigated using gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The obtained data provide important reference information on the opportunities for energy and fuel generation from pyrolysis of the analysed biomass.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication18th Symposium on Thermal Science and Engineering of Serbia
    Subtitle of host publicationproceedings
    EditorsMirjana Laković-Paunović, Mladen Stojiljković
    PublisherUniversity of Nis
    Pages262-271
    Number of pages10
    ISBN (Print)9788660550981
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    Event18th International Symposium on Thermal Science and Engineering of Serbia - Sokobanja, Serbia
    Duration: 17 Oct 201720 Oct 2017

    Conference

    Conference18th International Symposium on Thermal Science and Engineering of Serbia
    CountrySerbia
    CitySokobanja
    Period17/10/1720/10/17

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    Keywords

    • renewable energy
    • biomass
    • biofuel
    • slow pyrolysis
    • corn cob
    • vine rod
    • sunflower

    Cite this

    Domazetovska, S., Strezov, V., Filkoski, R. V., & Kan, T. (2017). Assessment of thermal processing behaviour of corn cob, vine rod and sunflower. In M. Laković-Paunović, & M. Stojiljković (Eds.), 18th Symposium on Thermal Science and Engineering of Serbia: proceedings (pp. 262-271). University of Nis.