Assisted conception: Developmental, cognitive and learning outcomes for children

FL Gibson, GI Leslie, CA McMahon

    Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting abstractpeer-review

    Abstract

    Assisted reproductive technology (ART) concep- ion , such as in-vitro fertilisation (IVF), intracytoplasmic
    sperm injection (ICSI) and oocyte
    donation (OD), account for almost 2% of all births
    in Australia. While ART is associated with higher
    risk pregnancies (lower birthweight, multiple birth),
    research on child outcomes has lagged behind
    particularly following more interventionist and less
    traditional approaches (ICSI, OD). Outcomes in
    regard to the incidence of major birth defects are
    inconclusive with higher rates of defects and neurological
    sequelae in ART compared to naturally
    conceived children found in two recent populationbased
    studies. Research has generally revealed I W
    children’s intelligence comparable to natural
    conception controls, however, the outcome for ICSI
    children is less conclusive. One published study
    reported more delay in mental development at 1
    year of age for ICSI children compared to both IVF
    and natural conception controls, although subsequent
    follow-up revealed no group differences in
    cognitive development at 5 years (Leslie et al.,
    2003). ART child behavioural adjustment has been
    studied less and findings have varied from more
    difficult infant temperament and school age
    behavioural difficulties to reports of better adjustment
    than comparison groups. This paper will
    review current literature on child outcomes following
    ART conception with an emphasis on findings
    from prospective controlled studies.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)186-186
    Number of pages1
    JournalAustralian Journal of Psychology
    Volume56
    Issue numberS1
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2004
    EventConference of the Australian Psychological Society (39th : 2004) - Sydney, Australia
    Duration: 28 Sep 20043 Oct 2004

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