The pathogenesis of Graves' ophthalmopathy is poorly understood, but there is evidence for the involvement of calsequestrin (CASQ1) as an autoantigen. Aim: To compare the frequency of the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs3838216 (located in intron 1 of CASQ1) in patients with autoimmune thyroid disease (ATD), Graves' Ophthalmopathy and controls. Methods: Germline DNA was assayed for rs3838216 by MassARRAY SNP analysis using iPLEX technology of SEQUENOM in 405 individuals (98 males, 307 females) with ATD (comprising Graves' Opthalmopathy (GO, N=74), Graves' Hyperthyroidism (GH, N=131), Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT, N=92), and controls with no personal or family history of autoimmune thyroid disorders (N=108). Results: Genotypes for rs3838216 differed significantly across groups with minor allele frequencies as follows: GO 17%, GH 24%, HT 19% and controls 30% groups (P=0.0427). P of SNP rs3838216 was significant in GO vs. control (odds ratio 2.16, P=0.003), and HT vs control (odds ratio 1.87, P= 0.008). On pair wise analysis, homozygosity for the major allele was associated with GO vs. control (odds ratio = 2.42, P=0.0046), and HT vs control (odds ratio 2.07, P=0.0116); whereas heterozygosity was associated with GO vs. control (odds ratio = 0.52, P=0.039), and HT vs control (odds ratio 0.570, P=0.054). Conclusion: The CASQ1 gene SNP rs3838216 is associated with autoimmune thyroid disease and with GO in particular.
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- Graves' disease
- Hashimoto's thyroiditis
- ophthalmopathy, single nucleotide polymorphism, homozygosity
- calsequestrin 1